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I can’t exactly say that this article will guide you through the galaxy: However, I can say that keeping a fish tank is a relaxing and rewarding experience. There is nothing more calming to me than a beautifully decorated aquarium stocked with healthy, vibrant fish.
It’s not just my opinion. According to this study by Plymouth University, patients who spent time around aquariums showed marked improvements in both physical health and mental well-being. According to the study, an aquarium can improve health in the following ways:
- It can bring about a calming effect, reducing stress and anxiety.
- It can help reduce blood pressure, because of its soothing effects.
- It can help reduce pain. Ever wonder why many doctor and dentist waiting rooms have fish tanks? To calm the patient’s nerves, helping to ease their pain.It helps improve your sleep, which will help repair damaged tissue, and regenerate new cells.
I can personally testify to the effects of keeping fish: I have been an aquarium hobbyist for most of my life. I have had daily chronic pain most of my life due to spondylolisthesis. I also have chronic anxiety. Whenever I maintain my own fish tanks at home, I find myself more relaxed, as well as in less pain overall. For me, aquariums have been a source of entertainment that means a reduction in these symptoms.
The Ins and Outs of Fish Keeping
There are many things to consider before you buy, such as how much time you’re able to devote to it. Fish must be fed, and the tank will need a partial water change and cleaning every week. Care for my 29 gallon tank fills about 2 hours of my time each week.
Budgeting concerns are also a priority in deciding if fish keeping is right for you. What you put into a tank initially could cut your expenses long-term. Smaller 1 to 2 gallon tanks and fish bowls can be had for under $50 but, these tanks are actually harder to care for because the water needs to be changed more often due to the lack of filtration or heat. For this reason, water in smaller tanks can be highly unstable and the health of your fish could suffer.
By starting with a 10 gallon starter kit, you can avoid many of these issues and I consider them perfect for beginners on a budget. A fully stocked aquarium with supplies can run anywhere from $100 to $150 dollars. However, once the tank is set up, maintenance costs run around $10-20 a month, including food and supplies.
What do you need to start an aquarium? Here is a bare bones list to help you get up and running:
A fish tank: There are a lot of kits out there to help stay on budget. For example, a 10 gallon kit may run from $30 to $70. I recommend this Aqueon kit or something similar. The kit comes with a hood, a light, a power filter, a heater and the chemicals to make tap water safe for your fish, along with a little bit of food to get you started. Buying a starter kit may not provide everything you need, but everything provided will get used and you also save some money in the process. Great job! What else do you need?
You need gravel or sand for a good environment for your fish. Figure on buying one pound per gallon. Most substrates come in 5 pound bags, like this Spectrastone.
You’ll also need decorations, preferably those which will provide the fish with cover when they are feeling shy. Keep in mind that fish need lots of room to swim. Do not overcrowd your tank with ornaments and plants. Generally, one to two ornaments and three to four plants will be enough to provide cover and make your tank a pleasure to behold.
When buying fish, there are many things to consider, such as the size of the fish when fully grown. A fish that gets extremely large will quickly outgrow a small tank. You also want to consider if the fish are peaceful or aggressive and whether the fish need to live in groups or solo. Most pet stores have at least one associate who can answer your questions. Don’t be afraid to ask. There are also a number of great resources online you can consult about the particular needs of the fish you’d like to stock your tank with. But hold-on–don’t go buying those fish just yet.
Once you’ve purchased your tank and supplies and you’ve gotten an idea of what kind of fish you want, it’s time to set up!
- Clean everything with warm water. DO NOT USE SOAP! Soap can leave a residue and kill your fish.
- Rinse your gravel and place it into the tank.
- Add in your heater and decorations.
- Ornaments look better in the front, plants look better in the back. Trust me on this.
- Fill the tank with water. Use room temperature water, treated with water conditioner.
- After that, set up your filter and your hood.
- Plug everything in and turn it on.
- Wait at least 24 hours for the water to stabilize.
- Now you’re ready for fish! Be cautious about how many you add. Start with a few compatible fish and go from there. This will allow your new ecosystem to adjust and adapt gradually.
Last, but certainly not least, kick back and enjoy all the benefits of your new hobby and beautiful fish tank!
David Curtis lives in Florence, KY with his wife Michelle, 2 Russian Blue cats and his many fish. David manages the pet department of a prominent retail chain in addition to caring for his wife, pets and home. In his spare time, he enjoys reading, exploring history, watching football, sci-fi, fantasy or comic book shows and film, along with fighting for truth, justice, and the human condition. Much like Tyrion Lannister, he also drinks (coffee) and knows things.